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12
Mar

America’s first slave owner was a black man.

first_slaveAccording to colonial records, the first slave owner in the United States was a black man.

Prior to 1655 there were no legal slaves in the colonies, only indentured servants. All masters were required to free their servants after their time was up. Seven years was the limit that an indentured servant could be held. Upon their release they were granted 50 acres of land. This included any Negro purchased from slave traders. Negros were also granted 50 acres upon their release.

Anthony Johnson was a Negro from modern-day Angola. He was brought to the US to work on a tobacco farm in 1619. In 1622 he was almost killed when Powhatan Indians attacked the farm. 52 out of 57 people on the farm perished in the attack. He married a female black servant while working on the farm.

When Anthony was released he was legally recognized as a “free Negro” and ran a successful farm. In 1651 he held 250 acres and five black indentured servants. In 1654, it was time for Anthony to release John Casor, a black indentured servant. Instead Anthony told Casor he was extending his time. Casor left and became employed by the free white man Robert Parker.

Anthony Johnson sued Robert Parker in the Northampton Court in 1654. In 1655, the court ruled that Anthony Johnson could hold John Casor indefinitely. The court gave judicial sanction for blacks to own slave of their own race. Thus Casor became the first permanent slave and Johnson the first slave owner.

Whites still could not legally hold a black servant as an indefinite slave until 1670. In that year, the colonial assembly passed legislation permitting free whites, blacks, and Indians the right to own blacks as slaves.

By 1699, the number of free blacks prompted fears of a “Negro insurrection.” Virginia Colonial ordered the repatriation of freed blacks back to Africa. Many blacks sold themselves to white masters so they would not have to go to Africa. This was the first effort to gently repatriate free blacks back to Africa. The modern nations of Sierra Leone and Liberia both originated as colonies of repatriated former black slaves.

However, black slave owners continued to thrive in the United States.

By 1830 there were 3,775 black families living in the South who owned black slaves. By 1860 there were about 3,000 slaves owned by black households in the city of New Orleans alone.

Sources:
John Casor
Anthony Johnson

  • Lynn Dehnner

    Expect the liberal press to attempt to discredit this story in every way possible.

    Copy the Wiki pages. They may be changed to alter the reality of this important fact.

  • Global Minority

    Keep up the good work and this should be mandatory education in the school system, public, private and homeschool.

  • http://bennindiana.blogspot.com Ben N Indiana

    Excellent!

  • Flu-Bird

    Well, well, what a big surprise thatll realy get the NAACP as well as JESSIE JACKSON and AL SHARPTONS noses in the wringer as well as all these revionists history books

  • Rhonda

    I knew a black woman who was descended from free black landowners who owned slaves–there were many in Louisianna apparently.
    She said to me…”Don’t let them fool you. All blacks don’t come from slaves and many blacks owned slaves!”

  • http://www.amren.com sbuffalonative

    PBS did a story on this years ago.

    “By 1830 there were 3,775 black families living in the South who owned black slaves. By 1860 there were about 3,000 slaves owned by black households in the city of New Orleans alone.”

    Before you go around citing the above fact, you have to keep in mind one thing. Free blacks often bought their relatives who were still slaves. They weren’t buying slave workers, they were freeing their relatives by purchasing them.

    I point this out because you need to be careful about using this in an argument as it can easily be shot down by your opponent.

    • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100003565965916 John Smith

      “By 1699, the number of free blacks prompted fears of a “Negro insurrection.” Virginia Colonial ordered the repatriation of freed blacks back to Africa. Many blacks SOLD THEMSELVES to white masters so they would not have to go to Africa.”
      If they we treated so poorly and Africa was such a paradise, please explain this.

    • Leah

      Read the book, “Black Slaveowners: Free Black Save masters in South Carolina, 1790-1860″ by Larry Koger. He meticulously documents that while a handful of free black slaveowners owned family members the majority owned slaves for economic reasons, same as their white counterparts. Free blacks bought, used and sold their fellow man, same as whites. They are equally guilty, maybe even more so since they owned racial “brothers.” Slavery was the economic reality of the day for both races of free men.

    • John Bonham

      Where did you learn that PBS ?? Ppfftt !!!

    • http://pulse.yahoo.com/_Z2DMDOY2LWA6TVIMCYGMQ63WCE andy

      Nonsense ,If they were slaves where the money come from ? Black owned and breed slaves for sale.

      According to federal census reports, on
      June 1, 1860 there were nearly 4.5 million Negroes in the United
      States, with fewer than four million of them living in the southern slave holding states. Of the blacks residing in the South, 261,988 were
      not slaves. Of this number, 10,689 lived in New Orleans. The country’s
      leading African American historian, Duke University professor John Hope
      Franklin, records that in New Orleans over 3,000 free Negroes owned
      slaves, or 28 percent of the free Negroes in that city.

      To
      return to the census figures quoted above, this 28 percent is certainly
      impressive when compared to less than 1.4 percent of all American
      whites and less than 4.8 percent of southern whites. The statistics
      show that, when free, blacks disproportionately became slave masters.

  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100003313803334 Kathleen

    Don’t expect to hear this in the media or History books anytime soon, race hustlers have a monopoly on the eternal victim card

  • ElComadreja

    This isn’t surprising. Slavery is a time-honored African tradition. Who do they think sold them into slavery to begin with? Being brought to America was the best thing that ever happened to them.

    • New World Order

      Hold on watch it buddy, African Slavery wouldn’t never have happened if it wasn’t for the Europeans coming to Africa and erasing ALL of their history. Africa and the very advanced city of Timbuktu was far advanced in time. They had colleges, libraries, masters of architectures and so much more. And yes Africans sold other African tribes out to protect their families and also guns. They had no choice due to the evil Europeans because they came to take everything and everyone regardless. Africans couldn’t fight protect their selves because the Europeans ruled with Guns and Africans couldn’t win that battle.